When faced with the potentially life-threatening presence of a brain aneurysm, patients and medical professionals must carefully consider the available treatment options.
Two main methods stand out among the various approaches: open surgery and endovascular coiling. These techniques differ significantly in their procedures, benefits, and potential risks. This leaves the patients and their families grappling with the critical decision of which path to pursue.
This blog explores the captivating world of brain aneurysm treatment, examining the key differences between open surgery and endovascular coiling and shedding light on this complex decision-making process under the expertise of a highly regarded neurosurgeon in Hyderabad, Dr. Raveesh Sunkara.
About Dr Raveesh Sunkara
With over seven years of specialized experience, Dr Raveesh Sunkara, one of the best neurosurgeon in Hyderabad, has helped many patients navigate this challenging terrain, providing valuable insights into the advantages and considerations of each approach.
Dr Raveesh Sunkara has an unrivalled track record of success in treating patients with all kinds of aneurysms. He has immense expertise in both open surgical clipping and endovascular coiling. Moreover, Dr Raveesh Sunkara, an esteemed and skilled neurosurgeon doctor in Hyderabad, possesses extensive knowledge and practical expertise.
His years of experience have given him a nuanced understanding of the delicate nature of brain aneurysm treatments and the critical factors to consider when determining the most suitable course of action.
Overview of Brain Aneurysms
Brain aneurysms are abnormal bulges or weakened areas in the walls of blood vessels within the brain. They pose a significant risk as they may rupture, leading to a potentially life-threatening condition called subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Prompt and appropriate treatment is essential to prevent rupture and subsequent complications.
Open Surgery for Brain Aneurysm
Open surgery, also known as clipping, has been a traditional method for treating brain aneurysms. During this procedure, the neurosurgeon makes an opening in the skull (craniotomy) to access the aneurysm directly.
The surgeon then places a small metal clip at the base of the aneurysm, preventing blood flow into the weakened area.
Open surgery provides a durable and definitive treatment, particularly for certain types and locations of aneurysms.
Dr Raveesh Sunkara, with over seven years of experience as a neurosurgeon in Hyderabad, is skilled in performing open surgery and has achieved remarkable results.
Advantages of Clipping
- Considered a gold standard technique, the neurosurgeon can visualize the aneurysm directly with the naked eye.
- Cessation of blow flow in the aneurysm and patency of the normal vessels can be confirmed under direct visualization using ICG techniques.
- Clip has no risk of slippage.
- Any bleeding during the procedure can be controlled immediately.
- Sometimes, this is the only option in cases with a substantial hemorrhagic stroke or a patient requiring brain decompression to relieve the pressure.
Disadvantages of Clipping
- Highly morbid procedures involving incising the skull bone. There is some amount of blood loss.
- High recovery time.
- Pain at the skull incision site for a long time.
- Aneurysms in some locations are difficult to reach and involve extensive brain retraction.
Endovascular Coiling for Brain Aneurysm
Endovascular coiling, or embolization, is a less invasive alternative to open surgery. In this procedure, the surgeon inserts a catheter into a blood vessel, usually through the groin, and directs it to the aneurysm site using fluoroscopic imaging.
Then, the surgeon places the platinum coils into the aneurysm through the catheter, promoting clotting and preventing rupture.
Endovascular coiling offers a shorter recovery time and avoids the need for a craniotomy.
Dr Raveesh Sunkara, one of the top neurosurgeon in Hyderabad, specializes in endovascular coiling, providing patients with a wide range of treatment options.
Advantages of Endovascular Coiling
- Modern and minimally invasive procedure compared to open surgery.
- Shorter recovery time.
- Aneurysms in difficult locations can also be tackled.
Disadvantages of Endovascular Coiling
- Cannot be performed in some cases where there is a large hematoma (blood collection due to aneurysm rupture), and the vessels cannot be visualized under fluoroscopy.
- Cannot be done in cases with raised ICP, which requires decompression to reduce the pressure of the brain.
- Expensive procedure performed only at centres with a Cath Lab facility.
- Any rupture during the procedure is dangerous as bleeding cannot be controlled.
- Risk of procedure failure as it relies on an aneurysm to thrombose, which takes time.
- Slippage of coils, especially in wide-necked aneurysms. However, this is being overcome by flow diverters. (Only available in a few advanced centres.)
Factors to Consider
The choice between open surgery and endovascular coiling depends on various factors, including the aneurysm’s size, location, shape and the patient’s overall health.
While surgeons usually prefer open surgery for larger aneurysms or those with complex shapes, endovascular coiling is often suitable for smaller aneurysms accessible through this method.
Dr. Raveesh Sunkara, with his extensive experience and expertise, carefully evaluates each patient’s case and determines the most appropriate treatment modality.
In some cases, a collaborative approach combining open surgery and endovascular coiling may be employed, known as a hybrid procedure. This approach aims to optimize the benefits of both techniques and achieve the best possible outcome for the patient.
Dr Raveesh Sunkara, with his comprehensive knowledge and skills, is well-versed in utilizing this collaborative approach when deemed necessary.
A proficient neurosurgeon must carefully choose between open surgery and endovascular coiling to treat brain aneurysms.
Dr. Raveesh Sunkara, an experienced neurosurgeon in Hyderabad, is well-qualified to provide personalized treatment options for patients with brain aneurysms.
With his proficiency in open surgery and endovascular coiling, Dr Sunkara ensures that patients receive the most appropriate and effective treatment tailored to their needs.